The road laws apply to all vehicles, including bicycles.
Cyclists, like other road users, must stop:
• where indicated to do so by a red traffic light arrow (RR 56; maximum penalty: 10 pu);
• at a stop sign or other traffic control signal (RR 67; maximum penalty: 10 pu; RR 68; maximum penalty: 5 pu for cyclists); or
• where the lights are yellow, if it is possible to safely stop before reaching the lights or intersection (RR 57; maximum penalty: 5 pu; RR 261; maximum penalty: 10 pu).
The above also applies to shared footpaths, separated footpaths and bicycle paths, and where there are bicycle crossing lights (RR 260; maximum penalty: 10 pu; RR 262; maximum penalty: 5 pu).
RR 163 (driving past the rear of a stopped tram at a tram stop) and RR 164 (stopping beside a stopped tram at a tram stop) make it clear it is permissible to proceed past a stopped tram, at no more than 10 km per hour, once the doors are closed and there are no pedestrians crossing. Failing to comply with these rules carries a maximum penalty of 10 pu. Schedule 7 of the RS General Regulations imposes a 2.5 pu infringement penalty on these offences.
All road users, including cyclists, must give way:
• when changing lanes (RR 148; maximum penalty: 5 pu);
• at intersections in accordance with RR 72, 73 (maximum penalty: 5 pu);
• at give way signs or give way lines (RR 69–71; maximum penalty for cyclists: 5 pu; maximum penalty for any other vehicle: 10 pu);
• to any vehicle leaving a roundabout, where the driver or cyclist is in the far left marked lane of a roundabout with two or more lanes (RR 119; maximum penalty: 3 pu);
• when making U-turns (RR 38; maximum penalty: 5 pu);
• to buses merging into traffic after having recently stopped (RR 77; maximum penalty: 5 pu);
• to trams (RR 76; maximum penalty: 3 pu);
• to any vehicle already in a roundabout and to any tram that is entering or approaching the roundabout (RR 114; maximum penalty: 5 pu);
• to emergency vehicles with their flashing lights or sirens on (RR 78, 79; maximum penalty: 5 pu);
• at marked foot crossings with flashing yellow traffic lights (RR 65; maximum penalty: 10 pu);
• at any pedestrian crossing with a pedestrian on it (RR 81(2); maximum penalty: 5 pu). At “children’s crossings” (which are defined in RR 80(6) and always have “stop lines”, i.e. a continuous line marked on the road) with pedestrians on them) the driver or cyclist must come to a full stop and not proceed until the crossing is clear (RR 80; penalty: 10 pu);
• to any pedestrian crossing the road to board, or alight from, a tram (RR 164; maximum penalty: 10 pu); once a tram’s doors have closed – and there are no pedestrians getting on the tram, or crossing the road between the tram and the footpath – cyclists and drivers can proceed past the tram at 10 km per hour or slower.
Also, drivers must give way to cyclists who are at or near an intersection that has bicycle crossing lights and who are crossing the road the driver is entering (RR 62(1)(b)).
“Dooring” is when someone causes a hazard to a cyclist by opening a car door. Many bicycle crashes occur when car occupants carelessly fail to check before opening their doors; cyclists can be hit by the door and even go into the path of oncoming traffic. Several cyclists have died from car-dooring incidents. Dooring is an offence (RR 269(3); maximum penalty: 10 pu). RR 269(3) states, “A person must not cause a hazard to any person or vehicle by opening a door of a vehicle, leaving a door of a vehicle open, or getting off, or out of, a vehicle.”
If you are involved in a crash with another cyclist, pedestrian or driver, you have certain responsibilities and rights. If you are in a crash in which someone is hurt or property is damaged, you must:
• stop and help the injured person;
• give your name and address to anyone involved, and to any police present;
• report the crash to the police.
Failing to stop and help is a serious offence (see above – s 61A RS Act). For more information, see “What to do after an accident” in Motor vehicle accidents and insurance.