Outcome of the complaint

Understanding the letter about the decision

At the conclusion of the investigation you will receive a letter stating the outcome of the investigation. The letter will not include information about why the decision was made. In the letter, one of the terms in the table below will be used to describe the outcome of the investigation.

Outcomes of an investigation into police misconduct

Decision

Meaning

Substantiated

The complaint is true.

Not substantiated

The evidence supports the police officer’s version of events.

Unable to determine

The investigator is unable to determine whether or not the complaint is true based on the available evidence.

Not proceeded with

The complainant was unwilling to supply information but has not withdrawn the complaint.

Withdrawn

The complainant withdrew the complaint.

No complaint (sanctioned by law)

The conduct complained about is permitted by law.

No complaint (denied by alleged victim)

A third party lodged the complaint and the victim denies the allegation.

Unfounded

The available evidence establishes there is no ground for the complaint.

Exonerated

The available evidence establishes that the police officer was not involved, or is completely free from blame.

Lesser deficiency

A fault or issue has come to the investigator’s attention, but was not part of the original complaint (e.g. incomplete paperwork).

False report

There is evidence that the complainant made a false report.

If your complaint is substantiated – or if the investigation uncovers matters not raised by the complainant that indicate impropriety on the part of the police officer – the police decide whether or not to discipline, caution or counsel the police officer.

Getting more information about the investigation

If your initial complaint was lodged with the PCU (and not BAC), you can access documents about the investigation of your complaint through the freedom of information process (seeMisconduct complaints”, for an explanation about why you may not get access to documents if your initial complaint was made to IBAC).

The freedom of information process is outlined in Freedom of information law, and in “Supporting your complaint with freedom of information documents”.

In your freedom of information application, ask for copies of all documents relating to the initial incident, and for a copy of the PCU file about your complaint.

Review of the decision

If you are unhappy with a decision made by the PCU, you can ask IBAC to review the decision.

If you are unhappy with a decision made by IBAC, you can request an internal review of the decision. An IBAC officer who is independent of the original decision-maker will conduct the internal review.