The general road laws apply to all vehicles, including bicycles.
Cyclists, like other road users, must stop:
• where indicated to do so by a red traffic light arrow (RR 56; maximum penalty: 10 pu);
• at a stop sign or other traffic control signal (RR 67; maximum penalty: 10 pu; RR 68; maximum penalty: 5 pu for cyclists); or
• where the lights are yellow, if it is possible to safely stop before reaching the lights or intersection (RR 57; maximum penalty: 5 pu; also see RR 261 below).
The above also applies to shared footpaths, separated footpaths and bicycle paths, and where there are bicycle crossing lights (RR 260; maximum penalty: 10 pu; RR 262; maximum penalty: 5 pu). A cyclist must stop before reaching a yellow light if it is possible to do so safely (RR 261; maximum penalty: 10 pu).
RR 163 (driving past the rear of a stopped tram at a tram stop) and RR 164 (stopping beside a stopped tram at a tram stop) make it clear it is permissible to proceed past a stopped tram, at no more than 10 km/h, once the doors are closed and there are no pedestrians crossing. Failing to comply with these rules carries a maximum penalty of 10 pu. Schedule 7 of the RS General Regulations imposes a 2.5 pu infringement penalty on these offences.
All road users, including cyclists, must give way:
• when changing lanes (RR 148; maximum penalty: 5 pu);
• at intersections in accordance with RR 72, 73 (maximum penalty: 5 pu);
• at give way signs or give way lines (RR 69–71; maximum penalty for cyclists: 5 pu; maximum penalty for any other vehicle: 10 pu);
• to any vehicle leaving a roundabout, where the driver or cyclist is in the far left marked lane of a roundabout with two or more lanes (RR 119; maximum penalty: 3 pu);
• when making U-turns (RR 38; maximum penalty: 5 pu);
• to buses merging into traffic after having recently stopped (RR 77; maximum penalty: 5 pu);
• to trams (RR 76; maximum penalty: 3 pu);
• to any vehicle already in a roundabout and to any tram that is entering or approaching the roundabout (RR 114; maximum penalty: 5 pu);
• to emergency vehicles with their flashing lights or sirens on (RR 78, 79; maximum penalty: 5 pu);
• at marked foot crossings with flashing yellow traffic lights (RR 65; maximum penalty: 10 pu);
• at any pedestrian crossing with a pedestrian on it (RR 81(2); maximum penalty: 5 pu). At “children’s crossings” (which are defined in RR 80(6) and always have “stop lines”, i.e. a continuous line marked on the road) with pedestrians on them) the driver or cyclist must come to a full stop and not proceed until the crossing is clear (RR 80; penalty: 10 pu);
• to any pedestrian crossing the road to board, or alight from, a tram (RR 164; maximum penalty: 10 pu).
“Dooring” is when someone causes a hazard to a cyclist by opening a car door. Many bicycle crashes occur when car occupants carelessly fail to check before opening their doors; cyclists can be hit by the door and even go into the path of oncoming traffic. Several cyclists have died from car-dooring incidents.
Dooring is an offence (RR 269(3); maximum penalty: 10 pu). RR 269(3) states, “A person must not cause a hazard to any person or vehicle by opening a door of a vehicle, leaving a door of a vehicle open, or getting off, or out of, a vehicle.”
If you are involved in a crash with another cyclist, pedestrian or driver, you have certain responsibilities and rights.
If you are in a crash in which someone is hurt or property is damaged, you must:
• stop and help the injured person;
• give your name and address to anyone involved, and to any police present;
• report the crash to the police.
Failing to stop and help is a serious offence (see above – s 61A RS Act).
For more information, see “What to do after an accident” in Motor vehicle accidents and insurance.