The Racial and Religious Tolerance Act 2001 (Vic) (“RRTA”) makes it unlawful to vilify a person on the basis of their race or religion, subject to the exceptions outlined below.
Disputes in relation to racial or religious vilification are handled under the provisions of the EO Act.
Racial vilification is conduct that incites hatred against, serious contempt for, or revulsion or severe ridicule of, an individual or class of people because of their race, colour, descent, ancestry, nationality or national origin, ethnicity or ethnic origin.
Religious vilification is conduct that incites hatred against, serious contempt for, or revulsion or severe ridicule of, an individual or class of people because of their religious beliefs or activities. It includes holding or not holding a religious belief or view, and engaging in or not engaging in (or refusing to engage in) a lawful religious activity.
The RRTA sets out a number of circumstances (exceptions) in which conduct does not amount to vilification. These include conduct engaged in reasonably and in good faith in the performance, exhibition or distribution of an artistic work, in making or publishing a fair and accurate report of any event or matter of public interest, or in the course of any statement, publication, discussion or debate about:
•any genuine academic, artistic, religious or scientific purpose; or
•an issue in the public interest.
The meaning of “religious purpose” includes “conveying or teaching religion or proselytising”.
Certain private conduct is also exempted from the RRTA. Racial and religious vilification is not established if it occurred in such a way that it would be reasonable to expect that the parties’ conduct was private (that is, it could not be heard or seen by anyone else). If the parties ought to have expected that their conduct may have been seen or heard by anyone else, the private conduct exception does not apply.
A person’s motive for engaging in vilifying conduct is irrelevant under the RRTA. It is irrelevant whether there are multiple reasons for the conduct, provided the race or religious belief or activity is a substantial ground for the conduct. The RRTA also provides criminal sanctions for serious racial and religious vilification offences involving intentional conduct.
Further information about racial or religious vilification under the RRTA is available by contacting the VEOHRC (see “Contacts for information and complaints”).