Meetings and decisions

Annual general meetings must not be more than 15 months apart. Matters for the AGM to cover are set by law. Minutes must be kept of meetings. Unfinancial lot owners are ineligible to vote. Power of attorney can only be held by a family member of a lot owner. Owners corporations with 13 or more lots must elect a committee and a secretary. Paid managers must be registered and have set duties.

AGMs

The applicant for registration of a plan of subdivision must convene the first meeting of the owners corporation within six months of registration (s 66 OC Act). An owners corporation is required to conduct a meeting of its members within the first six months of registration.

After the initial meeting, an owners corporation must have an annual general meeting (AGM) only if it receives or pays out money in any financial year (s 69). The time between AGMs must not exceed 15 months (s 69(2)). Section 71(2) sets out the matters that must be dealt with and included in the agenda of an AGM. Tabling and consideration of the minutes of the previous AGM must be included as an agenda item. The person convening an AGM must give notice in writing of the meeting to each lot owner at least 14 days before the meeting, provide an agenda, financial statements, budget, text of any proposed special or unanimous resolutions, and advise that an owner may appoint a proxy (s 72).

The notice must include, for consideration at the AGM, any decision to waive interest (s 29(4)), any approved maintenance plan (s 39), valuer’s report (s 65(3)), committee report (s 115) or managers report (s 126), complaints (s 159), dispute resolution under part 10 of the OC Act and the minutes of the previous AGM, even if previously sent.

A lot owner may participate in a general meeting in person, by teleconferencing or by proxy (s 80(1)). A proxy must act honestly and in good faith and exercise due care and diligence (s 87(5)).

Office holders

Under section 98 of the OC Act, if an owners corporation does not have a committee, the lot owners must elect a member to be the chairperson. The chairperson may subsequently be removed by resolution at a general meeting (s 91(1)). If the owners corporation has a committee, the chairperson of the committee is also the chairperson of the owners corporation (seeCommittees”).

Even with this appointment, the lot owners present at a general meeting may elect one of their number or the manager of the owners corporation to chair the meeting. If this election has not been made and the chairperson of the owners corporation is present, the chairperson chairs the meeting (s 79).

Minutes

Although there is a requirement to keep minutes of general meetings (s 81 OC Act) and committee meetings (s 114), the minutes need not be signed, confirmed or distributed to members of the owners corporation. Only interim decisions need to be confirmed (ss 78(4), 112(7)).

Voting

The chairperson may only have a second vote or casting vote if the voting is equal and the chairperson is a lot owner of the owners corporation or votes as proxy for a lot owner (s 93 OC Act). A casting vote cannot be used when a resolution is made by ballot. A member whose fees or other amounts owing to the owners corporation are in arrears is not entitled to vote, except when a special or unanimous resolution is required (s 94). However, an unfinancial lot owner may attend a meeting and their presence is counted when determining a quorum (also seeResolutions”).

Except in the case of a payment by cash, an amount is now taken to be paid in full if it is paid not less than four business days before the vote in question (s 94(3)).

Section 78 permits a general meeting to proceed without a quorum. In such event, all resolutions remain interim decisions unless challenged within 28 days by members holding at least 25% of the total units of entitlement available. An interim decision cannot be acted on for 29 days after it is made.

Power of attorney

A person is not entitled to exercise, under a power of attorney, the power of a lot owner to vote if the person has that power in respect of another lot owner under another power of attorney (s 88(2)). This section counters unjust provisions in contracts of sale where developers hold control of the owners corporation by power of attorney, in some cases up to five years. This provision does not apply if the lot owners for whom the person is to exercise a vote are members of that person’s family (s 88(3)).

Interim special resolutions

Section 97 provides for interim special resolutions. Where the votes in favour of a special resolution are more than 50% of the total votes available, and the vote against is not more than 25% of those votes, the resolution passes as an interim special resolution and this vote is treated in the same manner as other interim resolutions.

Committees

An owners corporation affecting 13 or more lots must elect a committee at each AGM (s 100 OC Act) (seeMeetings and decisions”). A committee must have at least three and not more than 12 members (s 103(1)) and only one person from each lot may be elected to a committee. A lot owner may authorise, in writing, a person (who is not necessarily a member) to act as a proxy to represent that lot owner on the committee (s 87(1)(c)). In the absence of a quorum, the election of the new committee remains interim and the old committee continues to function for at least 29 days (s 78).

A member may participate in a meeting in person or by teleconferencing in accordance with the regulations (s 112(4)). Formerly, there was no provision for a third option, such as participation via proxy as provided in section 80 for a general meeting. The OC Act now allows participation by non-elected individuals who might not even be lot owners. That might not be satisfactory if the proxy is uninformed on matters to be decided. A committee member acting as a proxy (e.g. a corporate representative) is excluded from appointing another person (or power of attorney) to act on their behalf as a proxy cannot appoint another proxy (s 87(3)(c)). The granting of proxies undermines the implied trust and faith in chosen committee members.

If a lot owner is in arrears for any amount of fees, the lot owner or proxy for the lot owner is not eligible to be elected as a member of the committee (s 103(7)(a)). A committee member in arrears remains suspended until the amount is paid (s 103(7)(b)).

Under section 101(1) a committee has all the powers and functions that may be delegated by the owners corporation under section 11, and individual committee members no longer require their powers to be delegated individually. Note, however, that a committee may, by instrument, delegate any of its powers and functions to the manager or to a lot owner (s 102).

Committee members have immunity. A member is not personally liable for anything done or omitted to be done in good faith (s 118(1)). It would follow that a member may be personally liable for not acting in good faith as required under section 117(a).

A committee must elect one of its members to serve as chairperson (s 105). That person is also the chairperson of the owners corporation (s 98(2)). A chairperson elected by lot owners may be removed by resolution at a general meeting (proposed s 98(3)). A chairperson elected by a committee may be removed by resolution of the committee (s 105(2)(b)).

Committee members may only be added (with the exception of casual vacancies (seeCasual vacancies”)) or removed at a general meeting (s 103(6)).

Notice of a committee meeting must be given at least three business days before the meeting or as determined by the owners corporation and must include the minutes of the previous committee meeting (s 109).

The secretary

A committee must appoint a member of the committee or the manager to be the secretary of the committee (s 107). Under section 99(1), if an owners corporation does not have a committee, the lot owners, at a general meeting, may elect a member to be the secretary. The secretary may subsequently be removed by resolution at a general meeting (s 99(1)). The secretary of the committee is also the secretary of the owners corporation (s 99(2)). The secretary must give notice to members of the committee at least three (clear) business days before a meeting (s 109(2)), although the meeting may be called by others (s 108). The secretary is responsible for keeping minutes of meetings (s 114(2)).

The notice shall include the minutes of the previous committee meeting and a statement that a member of the committee may appoint a proxy for the purpose of the meeting provided the committee member is also a lot owner (s 109(3)(b)).

Resolutions

Committees can have interim resolutions (s 112(7)), where the resolution in the absence of a quorum takes effect if confirmed at the next meeting at which a quorum is present (seeMeetings and decisions”). Under section 112(9), the chairperson of the committee has a second or casting vote that is discretional. A resolution of the committee has effect as a resolution of the owners corporation (s 113).

Casual vacancies

A casual vacancy is a vacancy that occurs between AGMs. If there is a casual vacancy on a committee, the remaining committee members may co-opt another lot owner or a person holding a proxy for a lot owner to be a member of the committee, or if there are three or more remaining members, proceed without filling the vacancy (s 104). The OC Act is silent on whether resignations need to be in writing, and it may be sufficient proof that such casual vacancy is recorded in the minutes.