Representing yourself in a civil case

 

It is best to get legal advice before representing yourself in a civil case. The losing party is usually ordered to pay the costs of the winning party which may be more than the amount in dispute. Learn the court rules and make sure you know the facts of your case.

This section provides suggestions on how to prepare and argue your case before a civil court or tribunal. While you may want to represent yourself, or may be forced to do so for financial reasons, there are a number of important issues to consider.

While you may want to represent yourself in a case before a civil court or tribunal – or you may be forced to do so for financial reasons – there are a number of important issues to consider.

Legal costs of the other party

It is important to know whether or not you may have to pay the other side’s legal costs if you lose the case; this should be an important factor in deciding whether to go ahead with your case.

In civil courts and some tribunals, the losing party is likely to be ordered to pay the legal costs of the successful party. In some situations (especially in the Magistrates’ Court), these legal costs can be more than the amount involved in the dispute. Therefore, before deciding to pursue a case in court, you should get objective advice on the strength of your case (see Legal services that can help).

VCAT does not usually award costs. However, there are exceptions to this rule provided in section 109 of the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal Act 1998 (Vic).

The Social Security List at the Administrative Appeals Tribunal is a cost-free jurisdiction, meaning the tribunal has no power to award costs and each party is expected to pay their own costs.

Special rules and procedures

The legal system (especially the courts) is designed to have lawyers represent the parties involved in a dispute. Although, some tribunals encourage self-representation, or place limits on the types of cases in which lawyers can appear.

The procedures and rules used by different courts and tribunals vary significantly. If you plan to represent yourself, make sure that you get advice from a lawyer on what steps you have to take before your case is heard, as well as what to expect at the hearing (see Legal services that can help).

You should also speak to the staff of the relevant court or tribunal. They can inform you of any special rules and time limits relating to documents that must be prepared. It is important to comply with these rules: if the case is adjourned because you have failed to prepare the documents properly and on time, you might have to pay the other party’s legal costs.

Make sure you understand what sort of help is available from the court staff; for instance, they can advise on procedures, but cannot tell you how to argue your case (e.g. seeRegistrars of the Magistrates’ Court” in How legal aid can help).

If the staff at the court or tribunal are unwilling to assist you, you should explain politely and firmly that you need help and that you expect them to provide it. Also ask whether it is possible for you to observe other cases running in the same court or tribunal, as this will give you a good idea of what is likely to happen in your case.